Solomon, the sixth son of King David and Bathsheba, who had him blessed by David and chosen as successor to the throne. Famous for his wisdom, built the Temple in Jerusalem. In fine arts the following episodes are often present:
The Judgment of Solomon (The First Book of Kings 3:16-28): two women living in one house gave birth to children, one of the infants died and his mother claimed the baby of the other woman. They came to Solomon asking to decide to whom the child belonged. Solomon asked for a sword, announcing that he would divide the child into two parts for both of them, immediately the real mother cried out not to kill a child but to give him to her opponent. Solomon realized that she was the real mother.